História do Curso
A HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
In 1981, the Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS) launched its Teaching Certification Program in Chemistry, with an intake of 20 students. The program was authorized by ordinance RTR/UFMS 91-A, issued 20 Oct. 1980 and recognized by ordinance 476 (issued 19 Nov. 1984, published 22 Nov. 1984) of the Brazilian Ministry of Education (MEC). A further five courses (Biology, Physics, Mathematics, Pedagogy, and Art Education) were launched at the same time on the UFMS Campo Grande campus.
In 1990, the Bachelor’s Program in Technological Chemistry (20 students) was implemented, as authorized by resolution COUN/UFMS 27, issued 20 Sep. 1990, and subsequently recognized by MEC ordinance 476 (issued 19 Nov. 1984, published 22 Nov. 1984).
In 1997, to standards set by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), the Graduate Program in Chemistry (Master’s level) was launched, comprising two areas of investigation: Organic Chemistry and Physical Chemistry, together admitting 10 students annually. In 2006, the Graduate Program was extended to Doctoral level, with a focus on Chemistry of the Cerrado and Pantanal Biomes.
In 1989, the Department’s faculty comprised 61% Master’s degree holders, 11% Doctoral degree holders, and 28% Doctoral candidates. Three years later, Doctoral degree holders accounted for 69% of faculty members, while 10% were Doctoral candidates, and 21% pursued postdoctoral training. In 2013, as part of a restructure of the UFMS, the Chemistry Department became the UFMS Institute of Chemistry.
Currently, the faculty of undergraduate and graduate programs offered by the UFMS Institute of Chemistry boasts 31 tenured teachers (30 holding Ph.D. degrees and one with an M.Sc. degree).
From 1985 to 2002, a total of 116 students were awarded a Teaching Certification degree in Chemistry, a figure that rose to 63 in the 2003-2012 period. From 1994 to 2002, 74 Bachelor’s degrees were awarded, with another 103 in 2003-2012, qualifying a total of 356 professionals to join the Chemistry job market. One sixth of Teaching Certification degree holders and one third of those awarded Bachelor’s degrees have pursued graduate studies (M.Sc., Ph.D., or postdoctoral programs). Currently, 45 new students are admitted each year onto the Teaching Certification Program in Chemistry (a night course) and 25 onto the full-time Bachelor’s Program. Today, the Institute of Chemistry boasts 375 students. Of these, 229 are pursing either a Bachelor’s Degree in Technological Chemistry or a Teaching Certification Degree in Chemistry, while 146 are enrolled on Master’s and Doctoral Programs.
A new 2500 m2 building for the Chemistry Department was unveiled in September 1989. Construction of a 120 m2 facility for Chemical Technology courses was completed in October 2000, and Research Laboratory Unit 5, covering 226 m2, was delivered in early 2003. This was followed in November of the same year by a 1400 m2 building with classrooms for undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as a multipurpose amphitheater. In 2004, the 200 m2 Fuel Laboratory (LabCom) was unveiled, equipped to provide quality-control support to investigations in the area of fuels. Shortly after, construction of Research Laboratory Unit 6 was completed.
Currently, our facilities comprise six classrooms for undergraduate training, three for graduate programs, an amphitheater, four teaching laboratories, an industrial technology laboratory, six research laboratories, two teaching equipment rooms, four research equipment rooms, a glassblowing workshop, and a chemistry storeroom. These are supplemented with a room for laboratory technicians and aides, ten teachers’ rooms, a computer room for students, a secretary office, coordination rooms for undergraduate and graduate programs, a director’s room, and extra study rooms for graduate students, the Tutorial-Guided Training Program for Undergraduates (PET), the Teacher Training Program for Elementary and High school (Experimentoteca), the Institutional Program for Teaching Training Grants (PIBID), and Extension Programs in Chemistry Teaching